Canada and Quebec are both involved when an applicant is willing to live in the province of Quebec. Therefore, the federal and provincial governments share jurisdiction with respect to immigration to this province.
To immigrate to Québec, candidates and their families must meet selection requirements (Quebec), and admission requirements (Canada).
Quebec is entitled to select from immigrants wishing to settle on its territory (certain exemptions apply). Its constitutional power to select is guided by its own criteria in order to achieve its immigration objectives.
If the candidate is applying to become a temporary resident, he or she might be issued a Quebec Admittance Certificate» (CAQ – Certificat d’Acceptation de Québec); However, if the candidate is applying for a Permanent Resident Visa, he or she, will receive a Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ – Certificat de Sélection du Québec) Both official documents are issued by the government of Quebec.
Canadian immigration authorities are responsible for the admission of foreigners wishing to settle on Canadian territory regardless of the Province. However, the government of Canada admits to Quebec only those candidates selected by Quebec, to whom that province has already issued a Quebec Certificate.
In order to be admitted by Canada, applicants must successfully apply for permanent residence, have passed a medical examination, and gone through the required security checks.
In the event, that an applicant has a medical or criminal issue, this can be a good reason for rejection due to inadmissibility, regardless that he or she have been previously selected by Quebec. Therefore, the issuance of a Quebec Certificate does not allow the applicant to enter, stay, or remain in Canada.